ELR CH 12
Business/Legal Environment Of Business
It is important to study labor relations across countries because: It helps to understand the problems associated with ensuring efficiency, equity, & voice. It can provide ideas for reforming the U.S. labor relations system. Increasing internationalization means managers will need to understand multiple systems. All of the above.
The highest union density belongs to which country: United States. Sweden. Japan. German.
Which of the following countries has the lowest union density rate: United Kingdom United States Canada Sweden
Which of the following trends in labor relations is not shared across countries: Increased decentralization. Increased pressure for business flexibility. Low levels of support for unionization. Pressures from globalization.
Low levels of support for unionization.
Canadian labor law is patterned after the _________ labor relations system. United States Japanese German Australian
In Mexico, protection of materials during a strike is the responsibility of the: Company. Union. Federal government. Local government.
The labor relations system in Great Britain illustrates the very important concept of _________. Communism Voluntarism Socialism Ideological unionism
Until 1980, the most notable feature of Ireland's labor relations system was: The prevalence of strikes. Peak-level bargaining Enterprise unionism. A high union density rate.
PREVELANCE OF STRIKES
French union federations are often focused on a(n) _________________________ agenda. Business unionism Political or ideological International Voluntaristic
POLITICAL OR IDEOLOGICAL
The labor relations system of Germany is best known for its system of __________ Voluntarism Solidarity Social partnership Codetermination
A German ____________________ is a workplace-level committee of employees elected to represent all of the workers in dealings with management Voice committee Works council Labor board Social partnership
The German system of codetermination includes two major features, works council and: Sector bargaining. Enterprise unions. Solidaristic work policies Employee representation on supervisory boards.
Employee representation on supervisory boards.
Under German law, workers in companies with at least _________ employees are allowed to form a works council. Five Fifteen Two Fifty
The major dimensions of labor relations in Sweden and other Nordic countries are similar to those found in: Great Britain. Germany USA Japan.
The Solidarity Union was established to fight for free and independent labor unions in: Poland Eastern Germany China Mexico.
Australian unions have traditionally been: Industry unions. General unions. Political unions. Craft or occupational unions.
The result of a Stalinist unionism in the Soviet Union has been Weak unions at the enterprise and workplace --levels Passive membership. Inexperienced union leaders. All of the above.
ALL OF THE ABOVE
. An enterprise union only represents workers in a single ____________________. Region Company Industry Age group
Japanese labor law was modeled after the ___________________ system of labor relations. German Swedish British United States'
The key difference between the Japanese labor relations system and that of the U.S. is: Japan makes limited use of exclusive representation and majority rule. Japan's system is more adversarial than the U.S. system. Unions in the U.S. are more likely to fall victim to company-domination.
Japan makes limited use of exclusive representation and majority rule.
Malaysian law might appear to allow collective bargaining, but the reality of the situation is that government control can be used to keep unions weak, similar to the situation in: Mexico. Japan. Australia. Sweden.
U.S. labor relations are exceptional because of the: Low levels of support for unionization and legal rights for unions. Growing socialist movement. Management acceptance of unions as part of running a business All of the above.
low levels of support for unionization and legal rights for unions
Which of the following is less likely to occur under the Canadian labor relations system than the U.S. and system? Instant representation elections. Card check recognition. Arbitration to establish a first contract. Right-to-work laws.
right to work laws
In Canada, labor laws are generally determined at the: Federal Level. Provincial Level. Local Level. Municipal level.
In Canada, strike replacements are: Illegal in some provinces. Always considered part of the bargaining unit if they are permanent. Always able to vote on union matters. Immediately replaced with strikers when a strike is ended.
illegal un some provinces
In contrast to the U.S. and business unionism philosophy, Canadian unions are moving toward a ________ unionism philosophy. industrial critical industrial social business
In Mexico, workers' rights, such as the right to strike are provided by: Corporate codes of conduct. NAFTA. The Mexican Constitution. The National Labor Relations Act.
Mexican Constitution... duh
Mexico's Labor Laws are: Vigorously enforced by the federal and local governments. Effective at ensuring unions are controlled by workers, rather than by the company. Excellent on paper but not in practice.
excellent on paper but not in practice
A notable feature of the British labor movement is its close association with ____________________. the AFL-CIO the House of Commons the Irish labor movement the Labour Party
Under Great Britain's Labor relations laws, the action of unions and employers are largely: Unregulated Controlled by the government Self regulated by union &employer assoc.'s. Unaffected by relative bargaining strength.
Historically the labor movement in Great Britain has been closely tied to: The Labour Party Employer interests The U.S. Labor movement The French Labor movement.
The decline in union density in Great Britain can be attributed to: Structural changes in the economy. Labor market weakness. Conservative government legal changes. All of the above.
all of the above
Current issues facing the labor movement include: Great Britain include: Declining union density. Employer demands 4 greater flexibility. Declining political influence. All of the above.
all of the above
The key distinction between Irish labor relations and labor relations in Great Britain is:. The friendlier relations between management and labor. A rising union density rate. The inclusion of social partnership between management, labor and the government.
The inclusion of social partnership between management, labor and the government.
The balance between efficiency, equity, and voice in a voluntaristic system depends to a large extent on ____________________. the ratio of workers to management. the strength of the union contract. labor law. relative bargaining power.
relative bargaining power.
on interest groups that use lobbying power to pressure lawmakers. Labor, business, and government negotiations. National agreements on social and economic issues.
Reliance on interest groups that use lobbying power to pressure lawmakers
The Irish labor relations system is similar to that of Great Britain except that: The Irish system includes final and binding arbitration. Irish labor contracts are legally enforceable. The Irish system includes social partnership in addition to voluntarism.
The Irish system includes social partnership in addition to voluntarism.
The Irish social partnership "experiment" over the past 30 years has resulted in: An unstable national labor relations environment. Stability of the aggregate economy. Unstable workplace labor relations characterized by a high level of strike activity. Government control over labor issues.
Stability of the aggregate economy.
Communist and socialist unions have not always supported collective bargaining because it is believe that signing a contract: Limits worker freedom and legitimizes capitalism. Gives too much power to management. Is useless because they are not enforceable in court.
Limits worker freedom and legitimizes capitalism
French unions pressure the government to enact policies favorable to the unions' agendas rather than participating directly in ____________________. Collective bargaining Codetermination Policymaking Sector bargaining
While collective bargaining agreements in France are generally weak when compared to U.S. agreements, this is offset by: The work of human resource managers in ensuring fair work practices. Strong national legislation with generous worker protections. Peak-level agreements.
Strong national legislation with generous worker protections.
Which of the following is not a right granted to German works councils? Consultation rights. Information rights. Majority representation rights.
Majority representation rights.
Another name for sector bargaining might be: Voluntarism. Social partnership. Industry-wide bargaining. Enterprise bargaining.
.Which of the following best describes German consultation rights: German companies must consult with the employees before making any changes in the nature of their work. German companies must consult with their employer association before bargaining with employees.
German companies must consult with the employees before making any changes in the nature of their work.
One of the distinguishing features of the Australian labor relations systems since the 1980s has been: The number of union mergers and amalgamations. A trend toward voluntarism. Frequent strikes.
The number of union mergers and amalgamations
The main feature of labor relations in Australia is a centralized system of: Collective bargaining that addresses workplace issue. Arbitration awards that specify pay and working conditions for an occupation. National level bargaining to set industry standards for working conditions.
Arbitration awards that specify pay and working conditions for an occupation
_________________________ play(s) a much greater role in establishing employment conditions, most especially employee benefits outside the U.S. than in it's. Government regulations Collective bargaining agreements Human resource management decisions
_________________________ predicts that labor relations practices and policies across countries will become more and more alike as globalization continues. The United Nations Convergence theory Divergence theory
Labor relations is becoming more diverse around the world because of ____________________. Declining union strength Corporate insistence on workplace flexibility Decentralization All the above
all of the above